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Glossary

Definitions
are taken from Wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia.All links will open a new browser window to Wikipedia
which contains more detailed information.


Awake
Being awake is a metabolic state which is marked by catabolic processes
and which is characterized by consciousness, the opposite of sleep, an
anabolic process.

Ashram
An Ashram (Pronounced ‘aashram’) in ancient India was a Hindu hermitage
where sages (See Rishi) lived in peace and tranquility amidst nature.
Spiritual and physical exercises, such as the various forms of Yoga,
were regularly performed by the hermitage residents.

Awareness
In biological psychology, awareness describes a
human or animal’s perception and cognitive reaction to a condition or
event. Awareness does not necessarily imply understanding, just an
ability to be conscious of, feel or perceive.

Bodhi
Bodhi, the Pāli and Sanskrit word for “awakening”
or “enlightenment”, is an abstract noun formed from the verbal
root budh (awake, become aware, notice, know or understand),
corresponding to the verbs bujjhati (Pāli) and bodhati or budhyate
(Sanskrit).

Dualism
In theology, dualism can refer the belief that there are two basic
opposing principles, such as good, and evil. In philosophy of mind,
dualism refers to the views that mind and matter are two ontologically
separate entities.

Enlightenment
Enlightenment or illumination is a fundamental philosophical concept
which grew beyond religion and spirituality and essentially means being
illuminated by acquiring new wisdom or understanding.

Finder
Previously the spiritually awakened were referred to as Seekers,
someone who has been locked, perhaps even trapped, (stuck) in a
constant search for answers. Let us propose a new paradigm, one for the
NOW: a Finder. One who finds all they need to grow and evolve on their
own spiritual path.

Guru
A Guru (Sanskrit: guru) is a teacher in Hinduism, Buddhism, and
Sikhism. Based on a long line of philosophical understanding as to the
importance of knowledge, the guru is seen in these religions as a
sacred conduit, or a way to self-realization.

Jiva
In Hinduism and Jainism, a jiva is the immortal essence of a living
being (human, animal, fish or plant etc…), it also
sometimes referred to the atma, or ‘the true self’

Kashmir Shaivism
Kashmir Shaivism is a school of spiritual teaching and practice that
arose during the eighth century in Kashmir, India. After a period of
obscurity, the tradition has experienced a renewal during the last 100
years amongst both academics and spiritual seekers. Kashmir Shaivism is
a monistic tantric system of belief and practice. It says that the
universe is a manifestation within the one Consciousness, and that all
things are that Consciousness in essence.

Maya
Maya (Sanskrit maya, from ma “not” and ya “this”), in Hinduism, is many
things. Maya is the illusion that the phenomenal world of separate
objects and people is the only reality. For the mystics this
manifestation is real, but it is a fleeting reality; it is a mistake,
although a natural one, to believe that maya represents a fundamental
reality.

Meditation
Meditation is the practice of focusing the mind, often formalized into
a specific routine. a state that is experienced when the mind dissolves
and is free of all thoughts.

Moksha
Moksha (Sanskrit: liberation) or Mukti (Sanskrit: release) refers, in
Indian religions,
to liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth and all the suffering
and limitation entailed in embodied worldly existence.

Namaste
South Asian greeting originating in India, which is used when both
hello and goodbye would be used in English. The meaning is quite
different, however. In a religious context this word can be taken to
mean any of these: The Spirit in me meets the same Spirit in you, I
greet that place where you and I are one, I salute the Light of God in
you, I bow to the divine in you, I recognize that within each of us is
a place where Divinity dwells, and when we are in that place, we are
One.

Oneness
Oneness is a spiritual term referring to the ‘experience’ of the
absence of egoic identity boundaries, and, according to some
traditions, the realization of the awareness of the absolute
interconnectedness of all matter and thought in space-time, or one’s
ultimate identity with God.

Samadhi
Samadhi (Sanskrit, lit. “establish, make firm”) is a Hindu and Buddhist
term that describes a non-dualistic state of consciousness in which the
consciousness of the experiencing subject becomes one with the
experienced object [1], and in which the mind becomes still
(one-pointed or concentrated)[2] but the person remains conscious.

Satori
Satori (Japanese satori; Chinese: wù – from the verb Satoru) is a Zen
Buddhist term for enlightenment. The word literally means “to
understand”.

Self-realization
In yoga, self-realization is knowledge of one’s true self. This true
self is also referred to as the atman to avoid ambiguity. The term
“self-realization” is a translation of the Sanskrit expression atman
jnana (knowledge of the self or atman). The reason the term
“realization” is used instead of “knowledge” is that jnana refers to
knowledge based on experience, not mere intellectual knowledge.

Shakti
In Hinduism, Shakti is an aspect of Devi, and a personification of God
as the Divine Mother who represents the active, dynamic principles of
feminine power. In Shaktism, Shakti is worshiped as the Supreme Being.

Shiva
[The topic of Shiva is too big to go into depth here, please refer to
the link for further information]
Shiva is the supreme God in Shaivism, one of the major branches of
Hinduism. However, according to Shaivism, Shiva is not merely a
destroyer but performs five functions: 1. Creator, 2. Preserver, 3.
Destroyer, 4. Hiding the sins, and most importantly, 5. Blessing.

Yogi
One who practices yoga is called a yogi or in Sanskrit, a yogin
(masculine) or yogini (feminine). These designations are mostly
reserved for advanced practitioners. The word “yoga” itself –from the
Sanskrit root yuj (“to yoke”)–is generally translated as “union” or
“integration” and may be understood as union with the Divine, or
integration of body, mind, and spirit.

Definitions are
taken from Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia. All links open a new browser window.